Topic 9: Assessment in Career Counseling {by 7/2}

Based on the text reading and lecture recording due this week consider the following two discussion points: (1) Explain why it is important to assess interests, abilities/skills, and values altogether when engaged in career counseling (i.e., why is one domain not enough?). (2) Discuss the importance of relational influence in career assessment.

 

Your original post should be posted by 7/2.  Post your two replies no later than 7/4.  *Please remember to click the “reply” button when posting a reply.  This makes it easier for the reader to follow the blog postings.

36 Comments (+add yours?)

  1. Madi
    Jun 29, 2020 @ 11:43:56

    1. It is important to assess interests, abilities / skills, and values when engaging in career counseling because it allows the counselor to get the full picture of the client. For if a person has interests but does not have the skills nor can they acquire the skills then that avenue should not be an option. It is important to get a holistic look at the client and that is possible by looking at all three domains and not just one domain.
    2. Relational influence is important to look at in regard to career assessment because relationships are complex and interwoven. The relationships we have greatly impact our career path and if we stay at a job. Relational influences are often ignored when they are an important component to the assessment process.

    Reply

    • Haley Scola
      Jul 02, 2020 @ 17:58:14

      Hi Madi,
      In reference to the importance of assessing interest, abilities, and values altogether, I thought your point that the clinician gets to see the “full picture” was very insightful. Without the consideration of all 3 aspects the clinician loses valuable insight in the career assessment and decreases the validity of the assessment. In terms of relational influences, I liked how you described them as “complex and interwoven”. Complex and interwoven is a perfect way to describe relationships from a general standpoint. I also agree completely that relationships impact our career path and if we stay at the job. I personally grew up with the thought that work ethic is everything and that you do not quit. So for me, even if I hated a job I would most likely stay until I was fed up. Other peoples whose parents did not engrave this in them may feel it’s not necessary to stay somewhere if you hate it.

      Reply

  2. Francesca DePergola
    Jun 30, 2020 @ 22:55:52

    (1) Explain why it is important to assess interests, abilities/skills, and values altogether when engaged in career counseling (i.e., why is one domain not enough?)

    Assessing one domain is not enough in career counseling just like it is not enough to focus on one problem in counseling sessions. If a counselor just focuses on interests, they might not be able to assess their client’s realistic ability to achieve that interest in the same way that their values may not match as well. It is crucial to look at all aspects of a career when counseling a client because it gives a more authentic and realistic path for the client to follow. If interests, abilities and skills, and values are altogether assessed properly in career counseling there is a much higher probability that the client will be able to find a career that not only interests them but is also achievable and valuable to them too. Without the bigger picture, it will be hard for the counselor to facilitate decision making for the clients.

    (2) Discuss the importance of relational influence in career assessment.

    There is a great importance of relational influence in career assessment because although their influences may go unnoticed, they are intricate and interconnected constructs. While examining these relationships counselors will find how important some relationships are whether it is a significant other, kids, parents, etc., that consists partly of the client’s interests and values. There is a lot to consider when speaking about relationships that are worth going over since it might affect the career a client might contemplate. Since relationships can be a real motivating factor in their decision making, it is very valuable.

    Reply

    • Haley Scola
      Jul 02, 2020 @ 17:50:47

      Hi Francesca,
      I completely agree with you point referring to the importance to consider interests, abilities, and values. Especially your description of how the clinician may not be able to assess their client’s realistic ability to achieve that interest in the same way that their values might not match up either. Pointing out that considering all three aspects leads to a more authentic and realistic path for the client was very insightful. I think that this also allows the client themselves to gain insight about their own self, fostering their own awareness and the therapeutic process. In reference to the importance that relational influences have on career assessment, I loved your wording of the relational influences being “intricate and interconnected construct”. This provided beneficial insight that the relationships of all kinds, life-partners, children, parents etc., are so important and provide the clinician with valuable information regarding their values and interests.

      Reply

    • Yen Pham
      Jul 02, 2020 @ 18:24:21

      Hi Fransesca,

      I totally agree with you on the aggregate role of interest, ability and value when advising clients on career choice. The combination of all three items will provide counselors with a more comprehensive information of the clients that help determine what is the career will be good for them. Interests, for example can be good predictors of career direction. However, it is good to keep in mind that some clinicians believe that if clients are highly interested in a specific field, then those clients will be successful in that career area. Strong interests do not guarantee occupational success. When explaining the results of an interest inventory, the counselor should stress that those instruments are measuring only interest and do not provide an indication of ability.

      Reply

    • Casey Cosky
      Jul 03, 2020 @ 00:11:17

      Hi Francesca!
      I completely agree with you that assessing all domains is important because it will give the client a more realistic and authentic path. Sometimes people will try a career just because it seems interesting but without the proper skill sets, the stress and fear of failure may have a significant effect on their mental health as well as their ability to do their job. I also agree that every relationship from significant others to kids and parents can be important to consider. Their approval and encouragement can make a huge difference. If the client’s job interferes with their relationship and causes a strain on it, it may too much of a distraction as well as a harmful experience.

      Reply

    • Madi
      Jul 03, 2020 @ 18:04:58

      Hi Francesca,
      I liked your initial connection between career counseling and counseling sessions. I feel as thought the two are not commonly viewed together, but I think a great deal of insight can be found when you do so. I agree with you that assessing one domain does not look at the full picture. I also liked how you examined relational influence. I especially like how you explained two there are influences that go unnoticed.

      Reply

  3. Michelle McClure
    Jul 02, 2020 @ 15:08:26

    1. It is important to assess interests, skills and abilities, as well as personal values when engaged in career counseling with a client. A clients interests can helpful in identifying general occupational interest and is a good starting point in working with a client in career counseling. Clinicians can assess the client’s interests either directly by using the client’s expressed interests or by asking questions about how clients spend their time and what activities they enjoy which then can help identify manifest interests. A clinician should assess a client’s ability and skills to identify occupational possibilities that the client is likely to succeed at because they possess or are able to learn the correct skills needed for the occupation. It is important for the clinician to verify aptitude assessment results with the other information collected on interests and values. Careers that appeal to a clients personal values are likely to provide the client with a great deal of personal satisfaction with their work/career. It is important to focus on each domain to help the client have the optimal amount of information to facilitate the client’s career decisions so the client can make the best career choices that meet their needs and abilities.
    2. It is important for the clinician to discuss with their client the importance of relational influence in their career decision making choices. A clinician should explain to their client that important relationships in their life such as with partners or family members can be and often are affected by their career choices. A clinician should explain the interaction between work and interpersonal relationships and how they are interwoven together and that it would be a mistake to make a career decision if the relational influences are ignored. An example of things that the client should consider is the amount of time involved both in the career and in career training and location of jobs and schools for training and how locations and time tables will effect important interpersonal relationships.

    Reply

    • Selene Anaya
      Jul 02, 2020 @ 20:34:17

      Hi Michelle! I agreed with your post and at the end of your first question where you mentioned meeting the clients’ needs and abilities. Assessing each of the domains (interests, skill/abilities, and values) can provide us with a more detailed view of the client and what is important to him/her. All of these domains play a role in the satisfaction of and potential success in an occupation. If any of these domains are not explored, it can pose the risk of ignoring important information that can impact the client’s success or happiness in the field. I really liked how you included that it is important to discuss with the client the relational influence on their career choices. Not every client will know that it can impact their relationships, so bringing it up first as a possibility and then exploring it can be very beneficial than just going right in and asking questions about their relationships. Educating and exploring with the client about which aspects of their life can change and figuring out what is truly important to them can be extremely beneficial in counseling. I also agree with you that exploring not only the impact it will have on the relationship but the amount of time involved in the career if the individual wanted a family, or valued other things in their life that their career can hold them back from.

      Reply

    • Madi
      Jul 03, 2020 @ 18:09:58

      Hi Michelle,
      I like how you examined the three domains and found that you fluidly moved from one domain to another. I found your explanation of the three domains showed why all there are fundamentally important. By showing this, you proved that one domain is not enough. I also thought you did a fantastic job examining relational influence by exploring the impact of partners and family members.

      Reply

  4. Haley Scola
    Jul 02, 2020 @ 15:11:28

    1. It is important to assess interests, abilities/skills, and values altogether when engaged in career counseling because throughout the process of understanding your client’s likes, dislikes, skills, and values the clinician can begin to withdraw specific areas of occupation as well as narrow down the options to pathways in which the client may excel. If someone enjoys being outside and nature and is trying to decipher a career in counseling, the clinician is not going to focus on occupations such as an accountant. Similarly, if the client has interest in something like sports but their skills don’t contest to their interest then they aren’t going to attempt a career in the NFL. In addition, values are the most important. Just because you have the interest and even skills for something but the work environment doesn’t meet you values, that wouldn’t be a good choice either.
    2. In reference to relational influence in career assessment this is important to consider because of factors such as parenting style, birth order, tradition, and influences from the caregiver. Parenting style has been shown to affect aspects of the individual such as work ethic, family values, and their skills and interests. Another aspect is tradition. If the past history of your family has owned the family pizza shop, the individual may feel pressure that this is set in stone for them. Other relationships like significant others or children also give insight into the clients’ interests and values. Choosing a career is very important because for a lot of people this is their identity and purpose in life, so taking relational influence is vital in picking the most optimal occupation.

    Reply

    • Yen Pham
      Jul 02, 2020 @ 18:02:27

      Hi Haley,

      Your points on questions 2 are very insight. I really like the way you emphasize family tradition and history that makes individuals may feel pressure that this is set in stone for them to keep family’s career. The family relationship influences really on career assessment of someone. You also highlights the significant others relationships, the identity and purpose in life that are impacted to someone decides what is career they want to reach out. I think that when counselors examine the relational influence in career assessment that help them to a more comprehensive information of client. In turns, they are more successful to help clients on career decide.

      Reply

    • Francesca DePergola
      Jul 02, 2020 @ 22:10:30

      Hi Haley,

      I agree with a lot of what you said in your answers. I also agree with Sr. Yen that what you stated in your answer for number two is very insightful. Your examples were able to give me, as I am sure others, a visual for how some relationships can really alter the career decision making for some individuals. I think your point is very important and one that we as future counselors should take into consideration because it can be overlooked or oversimplified. Relationships with others are so interwoven in life and decision making already that we sometimes forget just how influential they can be for careers. I think for myself and the majority of the population we want to meet our parents, significant others, and friend’s expectations and not disappoint them in any way. Part of that is not only picking a job that others will accept but one that can meet the needs and happiness of the client. This is why it is essential that relationships are also accounted for and understood by the counselor when considering the client’s indecision about a career.

      Reply

  5. Yen Pham
    Jul 02, 2020 @ 17:27:08

    1. Explain why it is important to assess interests, abilities/skills, and values altogether when engaged in career counseling (i.e., why is one domain not enough?).

    If a counselor is using only the assessment of the interests, abilities/skills or work values, the practitioner should remember that no inventory is inclusive of all possible values. It is important to assess interests, abilities/skills, and values altogether when engaged in career counseling. The combination of three assessments: interest facilitates aptitudes and values exploration lead to a more comprehensive view of client.
    In particular, interests are often used in career counseling because they can be helpful in describing individual’s general occupational interests. Using interest inventories is not only method for assessing interests. Counselors can also assess interests by using measures of expressed and manifest interests. Exploring expressed interests involves simply asking clients about their interests, which can be a useful indicator of vocational interests. Manifest interests, on the other hand, are those interests identified by examining how clients choose to spend their time and the activities they select. In assessing interest, it is important for the counselor to understand the relationship between interest and certain career variables. Interest inventories have been found to promote career exploration and connect the client’s interests to specific occupations. Interests also can be good predictors of career direction. For example, some clinicians believe that if clients are highly interested in a specific field, then those clients will be successful in that career area. Strong interests do not guarantee occupational success. When explaining the results of an interest inventory, the counselor should stress that those instruments are measuring only interest and do not provide an indication of ability.

    The assessment of abilities and skills are often conducted to identify occupational possibilities in which the client could be successful. Aptitude tests are often used in career counseling because they are good predictors of occupational success. When interpreting aptitude assessment in career counseling, it is important for counselors to verify aptitude assessment results with other information (e.g., interest inventory). Verifying the results entails asking the clients if scores are consistent with other information’s. This verification of the results accomplishes two goals. First, it provides a method of identifying problems that may have occurred during the testing (e., the client’s ability to read may have influenced performance, or the client was ill when taking the instrument and the results do not reflect his or her ability). Second, the verification process brings more client information into the interpretative process.

    The exploration of values is sometimes neglected; even it is often a critical aspect of the career- counseling process. Values serve as the bias for which life goals are established and provide a guide for individuals in making personally consistent and meaningful decision about the future. Work values are more highly correlated than interest with work satisfaction.

    2. Discuss the importance of relational influence in career assessment.

    It is important to assess and examine the relational influence in career assessment because work and important relationships (e.g., relationships with family members) are complexly interwoven constructs, and sometimes relational influences are ignored. It is important to assess and examine the relational influence in career assessment because work and important relationships (e.g., relationships with family members) are complexly interwoven constructs, and sometimes relational influences are ignored. Many research found that family influenced children’s Behavior. Each family as a specific dynamism gives it a particular autonomy and individuality. Therefore, parents influence their children and children also influence their parents’ behavior and educational practices. On the other hand, search friends and others that you socialize with do, in fact, determine your behavior because they are part of your daily environment. Friends have a very profound effect on our life. They enrich our life experiences and true friends will be there for you always, even in the most difficult times in your life. If these relationships are explored, counselors will be more successful when they know what are exactly that leads clients to choose this career, and whom are impacted clients’ thoughts. Counselors have more information’s of clients that help them to provide the best career assessment.

    Reply

  6. Dawn Seiple
    Jul 02, 2020 @ 17:43:55

    1.Explain why it is important to assess interests, abilities/skills and values altogether when engaged in career counseling (i.e., why is one domain not enough?).

    When counseling a client who is assessing their career options, interests, abilities and values are all important factors to consider. By starting with an inventory of a client’s interests, a counselor can identify occupations that incorporate those interests. When people are interested in the work they do, they are more likely to enjoy their job. However, having interest in a certain occupation is not sufficient. Interests do not always lead to occupational success. People also need to have the skills or abilities required by the job. Some jobs may necessitate advanced training that is not practical or affordable. An individual may not perform well enough on entrance exams or in school to obtain the advanced degrees needed for certain professions. Counselors can use aptitude tests that give clients a good idea of whether or not they have the abilities or skills required to obtain and succeed in a desired profession. Though sometimes overlooked, having a job that is consistent and supportive of one’s values is highly correlated with job satisfaction. Ideally, the environment and organization should align with an employee’s values. At my previous job, the company was very philanthropically focused. Many employees who worked there expressed that their favorite part of their job was their ability to participate in volunteer initiatives that aligned with their personal values. Employees were motivated to continue working at the company because it provided a higher level of satisfaction than other jobs they had held. People are most happy and successful in their careers when they find jobs that relate to their interests, utilize their talents and represent and support their values.

    2.Discuss the importance of relational influence in career assessment.

    One important consideration when advising a client on a possible career path or a specific job is the effect the job will have on the significant people in the client’s life. Though this is not information that will be picked up in an inventory or assessment, it should be factored into any career decision. This relational influence represents the interaction between work and personal relationships. For instance, if a client is married, there are many factors to be evaluated. Does the career allow enough time for a spouse and children? Where will the family locate geographically? In that region, are there job opportunities for the spouse? Is the region a good cultural fit for the entire family? How close are other family members? The interpersonal needs of the client and their loved ones need to be considered. Otherwise, no matter how good the job is, the client may not be successful.

    Reply

    • Selene Anaya
      Jul 02, 2020 @ 20:25:04

      Hi Dawn! I agree with your post and like how you extended the skills portion to include the possibility that individuals may or may not have access to affordable training. I also like how you shared with us a personal experience about how values can impact workplace satisfaction. I can definitely see how working for an organization that is aligned with personal values can impact one’s motivation and even success. I have always been one to feel strongly about values in the workplace. I mentioned in my post how working for a place you don’t feel comfortable can impact life outside of work and as we all know, being unsatisfied with your work can lead to some negative outcomes. I enjoyed that Dr. V asked us to discuss the importance of relational influence in career assessment because it goes to show that results are not the only thing we receive with scores. We can obtain insight into other parts of the client’s life outside of what the assessment shows us, and it can go on to impact any further action or decisions that may be made in the process. I also like how you included the importance of assessing the impact on family and cultural fit for the entire family. The added importance of not only seeing what the client is good at but also factoring in what else is important in the client’s life to come to a decision that can attend to both.

      Reply

    • Christopher LePage
      Jul 02, 2020 @ 20:51:29

      Hi Dawn, I absolutely agree with you that interest alone is not enough to succeed in a career. Mentioning having a client take an aptitude test to assess potential skilled areas of a client is really efficient! Some times I believe that counselors and clients may not also be on the same page when it comes to communicating things, and by having your client take a test to measure these different skill areas. By having a test that shows the results to the clients this may also be better for the clients. Hearing a counselor tell you they do not think you are capable of a job (skill-wise) may not go over well with certain clients and may damage the therapeutic relationship. A test may come across as unbiased to the client, and may take the results into more consideration.

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    • Althea Hermitt- Mcpherson
      Jul 03, 2020 @ 03:08:23

      Hi Dawn. I totally agree with you that it’s important to consider the effect of the job on significant people in the client’s life. I like that you indicated that this information is not garnered through assessments but needs to be addressed nonetheless. That dynamic between work and personal relationships is a rough one and can cause a significant dent in families. Taking into consideration all family members’ concerns and needs is a big task and even when this is done it could still have a negative influence on success, family life, and job satisfaction.

      Reply

    • Trey Powers
      Jul 06, 2020 @ 16:00:03

      Hi Dawn!

      I thought your response to the first question was very good. It is important to help a client find a job that they will enjoy, but also ensure that they are staying reasonable. You make good points about not having the skills or qualifications for certain jobs despite the client being potentially interested in them. All three domains need to be assessed in order to determine realistic opportunities. Even though the client may not find a job that is perfectly suited for them in terms of all three domains, it can still help to guide them towards a smart decision.

      Reply

  7. Selene Anaya
    Jul 02, 2020 @ 20:16:56

    1) It is very important to assess interests, abilities, skills, and values altogether while engaging in career counseling because it allows clinicians to gather not only a holistic view but an understanding of certain pieces and evaluate those more in-depth. Interests are not only assessed to evaluate the clients’ general likes and dislikes, but also to guide the exploration of possible occupations.  This can be done by either direct questioning about clients’ interests or by examining how they choose to spend their time and what kind of activities they participate in. Another domain of career counseling is assessing abilities and skills which can be good predictors of success or potential for success. As mentioned in our lecture, assessing abilities and skills are important because if you want to do a career, it is good to know if you have those skills or at least the potential for those skills to develop and therefore, be successful in the chosen occupation. Values are important for assessing work satisfaction. Although no inventory is able to evaluate all values, it can be a good indicator of values the client holds and it can be compared to values that the occupation, companies, or organizations have. When an individual is involved in a workplace that holds the same values as them, they are more likely to be satisfied with their work environment and get along with their colleagues. If they don’t, it could cause stressors and a negative work environment which would not be healthy for obvious reasons and can impact the individual’s life outside of work. Assessing all of these domains and not just one, allows counselors and clients to fully evaluate interests, skills, and values to prepare and plan for a positive, successful career path. 
    (2) Examining relational influence in career assessment allows the assessments to go beyond the interpretation of results provided. It allows the active role of the client assessing the impact their career choice can have on their relationships and offers an even more in-depth, holistic insight of the individual. Work and relationships are strongly related, and decisions regarding career will not only impact the individual but his/her family or significant other’s life as well. If a client from the midwest chooses an occupation that requires them to live on a coast, not only do they have to move, but the life of their significant other or family will be disrupted because they will also have to make a choice of whether or not they want to move. My cousin and her girlfriend were both working at a zoo by my house. Her girlfriend got a job at an aquarium in Florida, and my cousin had to choose between a promotion or uprooting her life here and moving to Florida. She chose to go, but she spent a significant amount of time looking for jobs there. Thankfully, she found one and they are getting married now, but that is an example of the extent to which a career choice can impact an individual’s relationships outside of just himself/herself. It is very important to ask about the possibility of conflicts so then that can be assessed and worked through and we can obtain an understanding of not only what the client is passionate about, but how much they really may want to go for it if it means it can affect their relationships.

    Reply

    • Christopher LePage
      Jul 02, 2020 @ 20:45:20

      Hi Selene, I liked how you mentioned how it is important for a person’s own values to match up with their companies values in order to achieve higher work satisfaction. This is so true, and something I had not originally considered. I think often times people see their work as an extension of their own identity and by working for a company that represents you and your morals is key to being happy with your work. I also liked your real-world example because it illustrates how big of an impact a relationship can have on a career. Choosing between a career and a relationship is something that some if not all of us are going to have to deal with at some point, so I agree that it is important to heavily factor in a person’s relationship with any potential new career.

      Reply

    • Brigitte Manseau
      Jul 04, 2020 @ 22:28:42

      Hi Selene,
      I like how you mentioned that value inventories will not cover all values. It is vital to further investigate and talk with the client about what values he or she has to understand what careers would be satisfactory. Not knowing about one of the client’s core values could result in presenting the client with dissatisfying career options. I appreciate you sharing how your cousin was influenced by her relationship to move. I imagine it was difficult having to choose between a promotion or relocating and having to search for a new job. It reinforces the fact that our relationships truly have a significant impact on our career path. My decision to attend Assumption was heavily influenced by my relationship with my mom. Her health is declining, so I figured it would be best to stay local for a couple more years.

      Reply

    • Trey Powers
      Jul 06, 2020 @ 16:04:56

      Hi Selene!

      I think that the example you gave of your cousin and her girlfriend was a perfect illustration of the issue of relational influence. It can be extremely difficult to decide whether to accept a job that requires moving a long distance, especially for those who have a family. It is important to ensure that a client has taken their family into consideration when thinking about accepting a job offer requiring such a commitment on everyone’s behalf. I’m glad that everything worked out for them in the end!

      Reply

  8. Christopher LePage
    Jul 02, 2020 @ 20:40:17

    1.) The reason that looking into just one domain is not enough is because it does not take into account the person in their entirety. For instance if you just look at a person’s interests you may suggest something in their plan that is out of their skill range. For example, if a person says they are interested in hiking it would be unwise to advise them to start with Mount Washington (an 8 hour long hike). By having a more complete look at the client you are able to give them the best possible career plan going forward. Another reason why it is important to have a more complete look is longevity. If you properly take the time to assess the client’s abilities as well as their interest you are putting your client in a position to be more successful. You also should consider the values of a client, and what they are comfortable with and what they are not. Someone may say that they are interested in detective work, but may be uncomfortable with seeing a gruesome crime scene. Overall, having a better understanding of the client gives them a much better opportunity to succeed later on.
    2.) One of the biggest influences on a person’s life is their relationships with the people closest to them. Often many people in relationships “bring their work home with them” so to speak which can have a real negative impact on their relationship which impacts their overall life. That is why it is important to consider how stressful a work environment is going to be, and if your client is ready to take that on. Another reason that relationships may influence can impact a career is the time you get to spend with a significant other. Looking at the job of lets say a doctor they typically have rotating schedules (including night shifts) which could severely impact a relationship. That is why it is extremely important to consider how much of an impact a career is going to make with not only your significant other but your friends and family members.

    Reply

    • Francesca DePergola
      Jul 02, 2020 @ 22:24:52

      Hey Christopher,
      A strength in your first response is that you not only discussed the importance of getting the entire picture of the client, but you also expressed its “longevity.” I think you are right and it is something I had mentioned in my own discussion post. It is crucial for the therapeutic relationship, the client’s understanding of themselves, and success at finding a career in which they can pursue.
      I also enjoyed reading about the examples you gave in your second response because, just like in your first, it gives a good visual for what it would look like if a job was too stressful and time-consuming. It damages those intricate relationships that can have such an impact on a person. I feel like most people consider their career to be “theirs,” but if one is considering marriage and a future family, it is really not so much “theirs” anymore. It involves many different aspects that some need to consider. I think this can get lost in the mix when considering a career path because at first it really is about the individual and then much later there is a lot more to think about in terms of an occupation such as shift times, location, salary, etc.

      Reply

    • Casey Cosky
      Jul 03, 2020 @ 00:06:56

      Hey Christopher!
      I really could relate to the example of someone wanting to be a detective but not wanting to see a gruesome crime scene. For undergrad I majored in criminal justice as well as psychology and I actually had this conversation very often with people in my criminal justice major. It was really common for people to go into their freshman year expecting to want to choose one path and as they learned more about the career, they chose something entirely different. I can even relate too because I went in just as a criminal justice major to be in the FBI but the more I learned about it, the less I wanted to be involved in law enforcement. That’s when I took up psychology as my second major and changed my career path entirely. It truly is essential to try your best to cover all your bases when helping someone find a career they will succeed in.

      Reply

    • Althea Hermitt- Mcpherson
      Jul 03, 2020 @ 02:58:44

      Hi Christopher I like that you mention one domain not being enough to ascertain career choice as it doesn’t give a holistic picture of the individual preferences. Understanding factors such as interests, abilities, skills, values, and personality are very important steps in choosing a career. Learning what you enjoy takes time, as adults we definitely don’t enjoy all the same things we did when we were teenagers. Therefore being mindful and considering all the domains is essential. Mount Washington hiking for 8hrs, no thanks but you do have a solid point because putting someone in that position can cause serious issues and can make the individual feel like they are a failure and they made a bad choice because they didn’t know what they were getting themselves into.

      Reply

    • Michelle McClure
      Jul 05, 2020 @ 16:20:10

      Hi Christopher! I really liked how you began your post by discussing the importance of taking the entirety of the client into consideration. It would be such a mistake to only look at small piece of a puzzle and call it whole. When working with clients it is the clinicians job to see as much of the puzzle as we can so that we can offer the client the best solutions that meet their needs. I liked your example of using an interest of becoming a detective but not having the stomach for one part of the job.
      Things can look very different when you only look at one or two pieces of a whole rather then trying to see the whole picture. Some people tend to naturally focus on the individual details and those people sometimes miss the whole picture. Other people are better at seeing the overall picture but not so good at seeing the details.
      I think as clinicians it is important that we help our clients see the parts of the puzzle that they have the hardest time seeing for themselves. I think your post was a good example of that concept.

      Reply

  9. Brigitte Manseau
    Jul 02, 2020 @ 21:42:23

    1. It is vital to assess interests, abilities/skills, and values in career counseling. Each aspect brings different, important information to the table. The various areas help individuals match their interests to a certain career and predict career success and work satisfaction. The client is more likely to succeed overall in his or her future field when all aspects are considered. Interests help determine what the client likes and what the client does during his or her free time. Interest inventories are useful to connect a client’s interests to particular jobs. An interest in the job does not necessarily guarantee work satisfaction or the ability to succeed in the job. Abilities/skills assessments help identify what careers match with the client’s skill set. Career aptitude tests are good predictors of a client’s success in certain careers. A client may be interested in becoming a mathematician yet does not have the intelligence level or skills to be a mathematician. The client then should look into another occupation that matches both their skillset and other interests. Value assessments are important in the career counseling process since work values are highly correlated with work satisfaction compared to interests and work satisfaction. Understanding an individual’s values will help match the client to an occupation that shares similarities with his or her beliefs. Also, working with individuals who have similar core values makes work more enjoyable and may offer a supportive environment for workers to thrive. If a counselor were to just assess a client for interests and values, the client may go into a career that is above his or her abilities and struggle. A client could go into a career that matches his or her interests and abilities but, lacks the client’s values which may lead to job dissatisfaction. Therefore, paying attention to just one domain may set the client up for failure in his or her future career.

    2. When helping a client in regards to career counseling, it is important to consider the influence of the client’s relationships. An individual’s career choice affects not only that person but those who are close to the individual. Relational influence is not assessed in career inventories and questionnaires so it is often overlooked. A client who has children may reconsider going into a demanding and highly time consuming job due to his or her existing parental responsibilities. A job that would require relocating may work for someone who has no significant ties to where he or she is currently living. On the other hand, an individual who is taking care of his or her elderly parents may be unwilling to relocate for better job opportunities. It is important to recognize relational influences so the client will have a job that matches their relationship needs.

    Reply

    • Dawn Seiple
      Jul 03, 2020 @ 09:27:26

      Hi Brigette,

      You make a great further point about the importance of finding a job that aligns with your values. You point out that your co-workers are also more likely to share your values and this will likely provide for a more supportive work environment. In this section on career counseling, the importance of who you work with really wasn’t mentioned. It is implied in the values section, but I am glad that you commented on it specifically. So much of a person’s day to day work experience relates to the social interactions they have with co-workers. If you like the people you work with and they support you, your day (or night) is so much better. Also, it is important to consider how much social interaction a job provides. If you are a social person but work in a job alone most of the day, it is unlikely you will be happy.

      As you note in your comments on relational influence, it is also so important to consider how your career decisions will affect your loved ones. Even though this seems obvious when we talk about it, I have so many friends who have underestimated the impact of their career decisions on their immediate and extended families and then found they were miserable as a result. The problems typically arise when families need to relocate and find the transition very difficult or, more commonly, when the demands of the job are so great that they don’t leave enough time for the family. Though sometimes these problems cannot be foreseen, sometimes the challenges were clear, but not adequately considered.

      Reply

  10. Casey Cosky
    Jul 03, 2020 @ 00:01:46

    It is important to assess interest, abilities, skills and values in regards to career counseling because someone must be a good fit for a job in all regards in order to be fully satisfied. Even if a person is interested in the field they are going to work in, they may not have the skills for success in that field, and therefore may fail or become overwhelmed and be unhappy with their job. If a person has the right skills for a job but they are not passionate about it, this may also contribute to unhappiness in the job. This logic also applies to the importance of values. Careers take up such a significant amount of time in a person’s life, so the amount of happiness they have working in their field has a serious effect on their mental health, whether it be positive or negative. A career that somebody is passionate and successful at will make them more excited about the day and willing to achieve their goals.

    Relational influence is important when considering different options in career counseling because the relationships in a person’s life and the influence they have on that person can sometimes be very significant. Whether a person’s career ends up hurting their relationships or their relationships hurt their success in their career, a negative connection between the two may lead to unhappiness and stress. It’s important to seriously consider the impact that a particular job may have on importance relationship before moving forward with any career options. Taking relationships into consideration can also help a clinician gain more insight on the values the client holds.

    Reply

    • Brigitte Manseau
      Jul 04, 2020 @ 22:38:43

      Hi Casey,
      You make a good point about how work satisfaction can impact an individual’s mental health. Being miserable and stressed at work can become a contributing factor to someone’s depression or anxiety. Continuing to work at a crappy job may take a toll on an individual’s self-worth. The individual may loose sight of his or her abilities and values because neither are important at his or her workplace. On the other hand, having a job someone loves that utilizes their skills can positively impact his or her mental health. A close friend of mine who struggles with depression began a new job at the beginning of the year. The organization shares similar values to hers. She plans community events and makes differences in people’s lives. She has expressed that having a job she looks forward to has helped a little to improve her overall mood and even helps to get her out of bed some mornings. Making good, logical career decisions can improve various aspects of a person’s life, not just their work life.

      Reply

  11. Althea Hermitt- Mcpherson
    Jul 03, 2020 @ 02:35:10

    (1) Explain why it is important to assess interests, abilities/skills, and values altogether when engaged in career counseling (i.e., why is one domain not enough?).

    Having an understanding and taking into consideration your skills, interests, values, and personality are all important factors to consider when choosing a career. It is important to know what you enjoy and value in your life and work environment. Also figuring out what you’re good at is extremely important when engaging in career counseling as Mark Twain says, “Find a job you enjoy doing, and you will never have to work a day in your life.” It is important to assess interest as this gives a clear idea of general occupational preferences. However, both expressed interest and manifested interest are essential in identifying vocational interests that are unique to the individual based on preferences even though strong interest doesn’t always equal occupational success. Career satisfaction is complex and not only involves whether or not you have the ability, skills, or interest for the job, because monetary gains, alignment of the company values, and your personal values and your working relationships are all significant aspects of job satisfaction. Also not because I’m interested in flying planes doest mean I will be any good at it, the fact still remains that I’m terrified of being responsible for so many people’s lives which can be a major deterrent from pursuing becoming a pilot. It’s safe to say considering only one domain is not enough when engaging in career counseling because this doesn’t give a holistic picture and can steer individuals into directions that will be detrimental in the long run. I also believe that the individual’s personality should be considered when figuring out a career.

    (2) Discuss the importance of relational influence in career assessment.
    Relational Influence is important in career counseling hence individuals must be mindful about career choices that can potentially affect significant relationships with important people in their lives. Certain jobs eg being a truck driver will take that individual away from family and involves traveling a great deal. This individual will need to weigh the pros and cons and see what is of more importance, close family support, being available for significant others, or the monetary gains. In order to not be placed in a precarious position of choosing between your job and your family, individuals need to factor in the relational influence of certain jobs. A job offer in another country could be seen as a blessing for one member of the family but a curse for another due to the major impact relocating, loss of a parent and other change may have on members of the family. Therefore all family members’ needs should be considered in order to ensure satisfaction and job success.

    Reply

    • Dawn Seiple
      Jul 03, 2020 @ 09:52:35

      Hi Althea,
      I love the Mark Twain quote! So true. Though every job has its tough moments, when you find a job that you love, going to work is so much easier and feels much less like “work”. As you point out, career satisfaction is complex and along with interests, abilities and values, pay and working relationships play a role as well. It can be hard to find a job that meets all the criteria, but if a person at least considers all those factors in the search process, they are more likely to find a job where they can be successful and happy.

      In your comments on relational influence, you specifically bring up the impact of work travel on families. Among my peers, I would say work-related travel is the biggest stressor on their families. Some people I know basically leave for the entire week every week. This is hard on the traveler and on those left behind to assume all the other responsibilities. If there are any positive outcomes related to the pandemic, one might be the temporary elimination of work travel. I know a lot of people who have been so relieved not to have to leave home every week. Many of them have found they can manage their jobs just as well without it and are hoping to minimize work travel even when this all ends.

      Reply

  12. Trey Powers
    Jul 03, 2020 @ 16:48:22

    1.
    Assessing for interests, abilities/skills, and values while engaged in career counseling is necessary because, much like with other forms of counseling, it is essential to take the whole person into account when helping them to make decisions regarding their life. While a client’s interests may point you in a general direction in terms of what career they may succeed in, they do not guarantee success doe to the multidimensional nature of the workplace. Similarly, a person may possess certain skills and abilities that would suggest a certain career would be well-suited for them, but if the person lacks interest in such an occupation, they will not be satisfied with their job placement. Finally, it is important to take a person’s values into consideration, as they are the basis on which life goals and aspirations are built. Being able to tap into this will provide valuable insight into what direction the person truly wants to go in, both in terms of their career, as well as their life. Because no one element of a person is capable of ensuring that a person will thrive in a certain occupation, it is important to take a holistic approach and gather information about several traits that a person possesses in order to more objectively and confidently guide them towards a recommendation.

    2.
    Relational influence is important to take into consideration because although the person you are working with is an individual, they are affected by things outside of themselves and their occupation. Family members and other significant relationships that are present in a person’s life have the potential to greatly impact a person, and therefore affect their mood, personality, and job performance. In addition to the influence the family has on the individual, the individual’s occupation also has the potential to influence their relationships. Certain careers involve longer hours, odd shifts, or travel involving long periods of time away from home. The individual’s family situation must therefore be taken into account when making a career decision so as to benefit both the individual and their relationships.

    Reply

    • Michelle McClure
      Jul 05, 2020 @ 16:07:31

      Hi Trey! I really like how you talk about the importance of a clients interests when engaging them in career counseling. I very much agree with you that if the client lacks personal interest in their career choice they will not be satisfied for long in their chosen occupation. I also like the way you discuss how a persons values and life goals should be taken into consideration. Finally I like how you put it all together in the end describing a more holistic approach that gathers information from multiple sources and using all the information acquired to guide the client in their career choices.

      Reply

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Adam M. Volungis, PhD, LMHC

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